Exploring the Exotic Pamir Mountains
Standing proudly in Central Asia you’ll find the Pamir Mountains. Mainly covering parts of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan the mountain range spans into China, Afghanistan, and Uzbekistan as well. While not on the average hiker’s top 10 list of mountain ranges, the peaks here promise adventure to explorers with any level of experience.
The Pamir Mountains were once incredibly popular amongst hikers and mountain climbers, but over time political unrest throughout Asia caused visitors to stay away. Now that the situation has stabilized, the mountains are again growing in popularity and visitors are intrigued not only by the incredible peaks but the very low permit fees required to gain access to the trails as well.
About the Pamir Mountain Range
The Pamir Mountain Range sits at the center of several smaller mountain ranges. In different directions you’ll find the Pamiro Alai, Tien Shan, Karakoram, Fan, Hindukush, and Kunlun Shan mountains. The Pamir Mountains as well as the surrounding mountain ranges are a result of an anomaly known as the Indian-Eurasia collision – a deformation in the earth’s faults that are the cause of the area’s numerous and often severe earthquakes.
There are several different sub ranges and peaks spanning the length of the Pamir Mountain Range. One of the most popular is the Trans Alai Range which can be accessed from Tajikistan or Krygyzstan, drawing alpine climbers from all over the world. Another popular range is the Pamiro Alai and its own subranges, all of which are famous amongst climbers because of their enormous rock climbing routes.
The absolute highest peak in the Pamir Mountain range is Pik Kommunizma in Tajikistan, standing 7,496 meters high. It’s closely followed by Pik Lenin in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan and Pik Korzhenevskoj in Tajikistan, each standing 7,134 and 7,105 meters respectively.
Many of the peaks along the Pamir Mountain Range are undergoing name changes. This is a result of the new government regime replacing the names of cities and landmarks that were related to communism or communist times. Mountains, unfortunately, are not excluded from this change, though we will continue to refer to the peaks by their old names here.
Reaching for the Snow Leopard
Back when the area was under Soviet control, the Pamir Mountain range was popular amongst alpine climbers attempting to earn The Snow Leopard Trophy award. Mountain climbers who climbed all five peaks located in the Soviet Union over 7,000 meters would earn the award. Three of the five are located in the Pamir Mountains while the other two, Pik Pobeda and Khan Tengri, are parts of the Tian Shan range.
The challenge still stands, though climbers will quickly clarify that they are not climbing Soviet peaks, but the five highest peaks in the Russian section of Asia. The journey is remarkably difficult, each range taking its own share of lives, and climbers are urged to plan well and proceed with caution.
Mountain Climbing and Camping in the Pamir Mountains
You’ll find a number of accommodations within the mountain ranges depending on the country from which you choose to access the mountains. The most popular facilities are the base camps located at each of the three peaks included in the Snow Leopard challenge.
In these camps you’ll find safe places to pitch your tent, eat a hot meal, and even rent a travel guide. You can pitch tents in other areas on your own, but it’s recommended that you either ask permission from the locals or attempt to hide your tent. If you don’t, your friendly hosts will attempt to engage you in conversation accompanied by a few drinks, and a night of heavy vodka drinking isn’t recommended before a hard day of hiking.
The recommended times to climb these mountains are between the end of June and the middle of September, though the end of July through the middle of August is optimal. During the off season you will likely encounter bad weather and there won’t be any accommodations at any of the base camp sites.
Accessing the Pamir Mountains
Most mountain climbers stick to the three main peaks, often starting with Pik Lenin, which is considered the easiest to climb. Most of the others are difficult to access and climb and you aren’t likely to find anyone in the outback aside form local Russian climbers.
Make sure you have your passports and visas in order before you head towards the mountains. Each country has different requirements for travelers. For example, in Kyrgyzstan you can get a visa easily, often at the airport. In Uzbekistan, however, obtaining a visa is much more difficult, often requiring a letter of recommendation or a sponsor. The rules may also change at any given time based solely on what country you are arriving from.
The Pamir Mountains, especially the Snow Leopard peaks, offer a unique opportunity to tour parts of Central Asia you might have never otherwise known existed. Make sure you have your paperwork in order, have a sound plan (or a great tour guide), and lace up your hiking boots. You’ll be one of the few to explore the Pamir Mountains, and you won’t regret the experience!